Their aircraft, used worldwide, is the backbone of the aviation industry. Boeing reported cash burn of $10.4 billion, while Airbus burned 8.8 billion euros ($10.3 billion), excluding a one-time settlement related to bribery accusations. Widebodies are where the real clash of the titans takes place between the two firms. In this wikiHow, you will learn some easy techniques to tell them apart. Desde los inicios de Airbus, sus desarrollos incluían elementos de avanzada tecnología con los que ningún otro avión de línea contaba. Sin embargo, en 2009, por ejemplo, Airbus abrió una planta de montaje para la prducción de las series de Airbus A320 en China. Airbus only produces the A330F and is so far behind Boeing’s offerings that catching up would take many years. Por error de navegación o de control de tráfico aéreo, otro avión también en aproximación para aterrizar se encuentra debajo del Airbus y manteniendo una altitud de 4000 pies. Las relaciones con estas compañías le permiten a Boeing desarrollar y fortalecer relaciones con el gobierno japonés y con empresas japonesas demandantes de aeronaves, facilitando las negociaciones entre estos y Boeing. Incluso el Airbus A300, primer avión desarrollado por la empresa, fue una gran innovación de la historia de la aviación en ese sentido. It is also likely that Boeing has cultivated relationships with its airline customers and will take care of them until the 737 MAX situation is resolved. It really does depend on the size of the jet and can also vary by generation. If their customer airlines go out of business, then it won’t matter which firm is ‘better.’. It seems that both firms are playing a game of chess, with each successor airframe beating the older rival. Las múltiples variantes del 747, históricamente apodado Jumbo o reina de los cielos, se han producido desde 1968 hasta hoy. Ese es un récord con el que el A320 no puede competir ya que fue introducido 20 años más tarde que su competidor. By now, Airbus had become Boeing’s enemy number one on the aircraft marketplace. Do you have a favorite airframe builder? This may have something to do with the fact that Airbus has a colossal backlog of aircraft, and it would be too expensive for Boeing’s airlines to change to a competitive product (all crew would need to retraining). Por otro lado, en relación al mercado de aviones de corto a medio alcance de fuselaje estrecho, la demanda se mantiene cubierta con el Boeing 737 y el Airbus A320 cuyas renovadas variantes están en desarrollo (Boeing 737 MAX y Airbus A320 NEO respectivamente). Airbus has so far impressed airlines with its A350 series, but that may change with the 777X on the horizon. Por ejemplo, se puede destacar que el Airbus A320 introdujo a la aviación comercial el sistema Fly by Wire que hasta ese momento se utilizaba en sólo ciertas aeronaves militares. Estos son la dificultad del control de los tiempos de producción y de los procesos productivos. You can read about the A330 vs. 787 here. As for the battle of the jumbo jets, the Boeing 747 and Airbus A380, we only need to look at which is still available to order. En un comienzo Airbus había planificado la producción de un A380 de carga e incluso aceptaba pedidos de esa variante cuya producción se suspendió. Even if you have a preference, true aircraft aficionados should know all of these airliners like the back of their hand! Airbus has called it quits for the A380, and the Boeing 747 only has freighter orders remaining. Lo que el sistema realmente haría es deducir a partir del movimiento del comando que la intención del piloto es ascender lo más rápido posible y automáticamente aumentaría al máximo la potencia del avión, retraería los spoliers, mantendría la posición de los flaps para no perder sustentación y comenzaría a ascender con el mayor régimen de ascenso que sea posible dentro de sus límites y sin alcanzar una velocidad de pérdida de sustentación. Seating up to 168 people, China's first large passenger jet is designed to compete with Boeing's 737 Max and Airbus's A320neo. Tanto el personal de Airbus como el personal de Boeing defienden firmemente el concepto de sus respectivos sistemas Fly by Wire. But this article would be amiss if it didn’t give an answer to the Boeing vs. Airbus question. El Fly by Wire es uno de los sistemas de control de vuelo que se pueden utilizar para que los pilotos controlen un avión y funciona de la siguiente manera: Cuando el piloto acciona los comandos del avión se generan impulsos eléctricos que son enviados por cable hasta diferentes accionadores que interpretan los impulsos recibidos y, por medio de sistemas hidráulicos o motores eléctricos independientes para cada superficie de control del avión, generan un movimiento sobre cada superficie. Boeing and Airbus dominate aviation like precious few duos dominate their industries. Boeing, en cambio, ofrece al mercado del transporte aéreo de carga al Boeing 747-8 Freighter, introducido en 2011. This resulted from a series of mergers within the global aerospace industry, with Airbus beginning as a European consortium while the American Boeing absorbed its former arch-rival, McDonnell Douglas, in 1997. Boeing, en cambio, recién incorporó el Fly by Wire en el Boeing 777. Technically the Boeing 757 also competes with the A321XLR, but the former is no longer in production, and the latter isn’t flying yet. En un avión Airbus con Fly by Wire la decisión final la define el sistema. Se puede decir que el Fly by Wire permite que un software pueda, por ejemplo, suavizar los movimientos que se realizan sobre los comandos para ofrecer un vuelo más confortable para los pasajeros y limitar o ignorar movimientos que provoquen que el avión supere ciertos límites que puedan comprometer su seguridad. All stories have a beginning, and for Boeing vs. Airbus, it starts with the founding of Airbus. Boeing’s reputation did take a hit, but there were very few airlines that changed orders or decided to move away from the American firm. Aunque para que el sistema de Airbus sea viable debería reforzarse el entrenamiento de los pilotos de aviones Airbus para que mantengan la buena práctica de pilotar un avión sin el control del software del Fly by Wire. Both firms are titans in their own right, having survived other commercial passenger attempts like Lockheed Martin and Convair. En contraposición, el A380, primer avión capaz de competir con el Jumbo, recién comenzó a producirse en 2004 y se introdujo en 2007. European governments wanted a slice of the growing airframe market, but Boeing and other builders were too big for any single European firm to take on. For more than 20 years Boeing and Airbus have maintained a duopoly in the large civil aircraft market, which is being squeezed as the Covid-19 pandemic reduces demand for new planes. Let us know in the comments. We can chalk this up to the A320 following the Boeing 737s footsteps, overcoming design flaws in the former (such as having wings higher up to accommodate more powerful engines) and allowing the aircraft frame to stretch (allowing more flexibility in market use). Read More: Boeing Nears Max Deal With Ryanair in Win for Embattled Jet With rising fuel prices tipping the market towards the Boeing 787, the A380 never achieved its full potential. Boeing produces several different cargo aircraft, such as the Boeing 767, 747-8F, and the 777F. Send me a direct message to receive a 50% discount offer today! Boeing won a long-running trade dispute with Airbus, but it came with complications for a company still dealing with the fallout from two deadly accidents. Airbus por su parte ofrece el A350 que en principio iba a ser simplemente una variante renovada del A330 y del A340 pero a petición de las aerolíneas debió rediseñarse completamente ya que no resultaba un avión conveniente en términos de eficiencia en comparación con el Boeing 787. Depending on the date, it could be that Airbus is in the lead, or that Boeing has the better widebody design. This conglomerate would become Airbus, and they would bring to the market the A300 as a Boeing rival. A full examination of the Boeing 737 vs. Airbus A320 is here. As of the end of 2019, they are: This flipside of this would be aircraft orders, which we can see Airbus comes out ahead: Overall, when it comes to these two titans, there is no real winner but rather an integrated duopoly that provides airlines with a mix of comparable aircraft. Boeing with 4,744 aircraft in its backlog. Boeing 737 & Airbus A320 Depending on what view you have of the aircraft. As airlines restructure, the manufacturers should change their contractual approach to maintain and ultimately grow their market. The Boeing 787 however, was fuel-efficient and allowed airlines to reduce costs. Uno de los argumentos utilizados para defender el concepto de Boeing es que los aviones están diseñados para ser capaces de volar dentro de límites más amplios que los que determinan los softwares de control y pueden llegar a haber situaciones excepcionales en las que se requiera exceder los límites que impone el sistema de Airbus. Another easy way to quickly spot the difference specifically between and Airbus from the A320 family and the Boeing 737 is taking a glance at the shape of the engine. The main landing gear on the Boeing 767 lean to the front, while those on the A330 lean to the rear. Si el piloto hiciera lo mismo en una situación idéntica pero en un Boeing 777 que también utiliza el sistema Fly by Wire, el comando del avión comenzaría a vibrar para advertirle al piloto que puede entrar en pérdida de sustentación y el comando se volvería notablemente más duro al moverlo hacia atrás para dificultar que el piloto continúe tirando del comando hacia atrás si no lo desea realmente. Boeing 767 vs Airbus A330 Two popular wide-body jetliners are similar in overall appearance. A partir del A320 Airbus incorporó el sistema en todos sus desarrollos. Those are the Airbus A220, A320, and A350, as well as the Boeing 737 MAX, 787, and 777X. Ambos son muy importantes dentro de los denominados Boeing Business Jets y Airbus Corporate Jets, los conjuntos de variantes corporativas de los aviones de Boeing y Airbus. Stay informed: Sign up for our daily aviation news digest. You can read about why Airbus built each aircraft here. La industria del transporte aéreo comercial de los últimos 20 años ha sido caracterizada por la duopólica competencia entre The Boeing Company, el fabricante de aviones norteamericano, y Airbus SAS (previamente Airbus Industrie), el fabricante de aviones europeo. American Airlines (something that they repeated only last year), only eclipsed by the Airbus A320 in the last year, Javier Irastorza Mediavilla via Wikipedia. Además de competir por la atención de las líneas aéreas, tanto el 737 como el A320 tienen una importante participación en el mercado de la aviación corporativa. During four of the last five years, Airbus has spent more dollars on research and development compared to Boeing. With each new generation of aircraft, the industry as a whole gets better, and the passenger experience reaches new heights. A Japan Airlines Boeing 787-8 Dreamliner arrives at the airport in Frankfurt, Germany, on Feb. 2, 2015. (Photo by Christoph Schmidt/picture alliance via Getty Images) El software de los aviones de Boeing establece límites que pueden excederse si el piloto realmente lo desea ya que el software solamente genera advertencias cuando el avión se acerca a algún límite y dificulta que el piloto exceda los límites accidentalmente. La característica fundamental del Fly by Wire es que los impulsos eléctricos generados por el movimiento de los comandos pueden ser analizados por un software que trate de detectar la intención del piloto y teniendo en cuenta la situación del avión con datos como su velocidad, actitud y altura, ordene un movimiento de las superficies de control que puede no ser exactamente igual al movimiento realizado sobre los comandos de vuelo. In October, Boeing’s 13 aircraft shipments included one 737NG, one 747-8, three 767s, four 777s … Por otro lado, el Fly by Wire de Airbus realmente reduce la cantidad de veces en las que un avión puede entrar en situaciones no deseadas y eso es algo positivo para la seguridad aérea. Airbus parece tener entre sus alas una ventaja insuperable frente a Boeing que no pudo despegar su polémico modelo de avión 737 MAX por presentar fallas técnicas alrededor del mundo. Before we dive in, there is a caveat about this comparison. Since the 1990s at least Boeing and Airbus have dominated the passenger airline market. Follow these easy steps to disable AdBlock, Follow these easy steps to disable AdBlock Plus, Follow these easy steps to disable uBlock Origin, Follow these easy steps to disable uBlock. What do you think? Airbus and Boeing today Today, the Airbus Group has several manufacturing sites across Europe, while employing 134,900 people globally. Dejando de lado la situación actual, Airbus es medio siglo más joven que su competidor y cuando su historia apenas comenzaba Boeing ya era uno de los fabricantes de aeronaves más importantes del mundo. Working closely with AirAsia, Virgin Australia, Turkish Airlines and others, Nick provides unique insight and analysis on a variety of aviation topics. Si bien la externalización de la producción es positiva en términos de competitividad ya que genera posibilidades de inserción y dominio de mercados, hay que considerar que el modelo presenta inconvenientes. Had both aircraft been released at the same time, we could have had a ‘definitive’ winner, but it would not be fair to compare them on market performance today. Los pilotos particularmente, a pesar de ser conscientes de que ellos son más propensos a cometer un error, generalmente prefieren tener las libertades que el Fly by Wire de Boeing les otorga. El sistema de Boeing no actuará a su criterio según lo que interprete que el piloto pretende y tampoco limitará los movimientos que ordene el piloto sino que simplemente lo obligará a ejercer más fuerza sobre el comando para confirmar sus intenciones por así decirlo. Para evitar que se generen erróneas conjeturas que existen respecto a cómo respondería el sistema Fly by Wire de Airbus en ciertas situaciones y para que se entienda mejor el funcionamiento de ambos sistemas explicaré a continuación como funcionarían en un caso determinado: Un Airbus en aproximación para aterrizar se encuentra a una altitud de, por ejemplo, 5000 pies en descenso para alcanzar y mantener 4000 pies. Este puede dejar de funcionar, por ejemplo, ante el bloqueo de los tubos pitot, un hecho que privaría al sistema de información vital para operar correctamente como lo es la velocidad. One of the most notable rivalries in the skies: Boeing vs Airbus. If we were to compare both firms, who would be logically better in each market? A diferencia de su competidor, el 747 ha llegado a ser un avión icónico de la aviación mundial. The A330neo revamp is an improvement (and it sells cheaper than the 787), but sales numbers show the ball in Boeings court. Boeing, en cambio, prioriza la autoridad de los pilotos y les otorga más libertades. What is the competitive landscape like between the two airframe builders? La competencia entre estas dos grandes empresas es, seguramente, la más intensa del mercado aeronáutico a nivel global. Based in Sydney, Australia. The Airbus A330 and Boeing 777 may look similar from far away but have small features that set them apart. But we can’t ignore the original 737 design has won hearts and changed the aviation industry for decades. Muchos tienen la equivocada idea de que en una situación como esta las protecciones del sistema Fly by Wire de Airbus impedirían que el avión ascienda para que su velocidad no descienda por debajo del mínimo establecido y no entre en pérdida de sustentación, y, de este modo, el avión terminaría colisionando contra el otro. We begin with the narrowbody marketplace. Business Oct 13th 2020 edition A 16 -YEAR FIGHT at the World Trade Organisation (WTO) between Boeing, an American planemaker, and Airbus, a … The competition between Airbus and Boeing has been characterised as a duopoly in the large jet airliner market since the 1990s. The race between the two types is so tight that it is almost impossible to determine a ‘winner.’ The A320 was designed as a Boeing 737 competitor and has done its job marvelously. With just 74 deliveries this year to date, Boeing is 184 shipments behind last year’s total for the seven months of the year. 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