Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The love described as the one practiced by those who are pregnant according to the soul, who partake of both the realm of beings and the realm of Being, who grasp Being indirectly, through the mediation of beings, would be a love that Socrates could practice. They refer to the special bond of affection between two men Plato had highlighted in a dialogue, and exemplified by the affection between Socrates and his young male pupils, in particular to the one between Socrates and Alcibiades. Platonic love, a supremely affectionate relationship between human beings in which sexual intercourse is neither desired nor practiced. Thus it resonates with the Icosahedron. According to Plato, there are different stages of appreciation and love that a person must go through if he feels inclined to experience the ultimate and divine love, named ‘The Beautiful’. There is no need for a sexual connection. Watch Queue Queue Virtue is the result of pregnancy of the soul. The centre of philosophical interest lies in the discourse of Socrates, which he professes to have learned from the priestess Diotima of Mantinea. Platonic love meant ideal sympathy ; it now means the love of a sentimental young gentleman for a woman he cannot or will not marry. Plato defined platonic love as the kind of love that motivates us to become better versions of ourselves, inspiring us to pursue greater goals, and bringing us closer to enlightenment or the divine. How to use platonic in a sentence. The immediate object of the Symposium—which professes to record the discourses made in eulogy of Eros by a group of eminent speakers at a banquet in honour of the tragic poet Agathon—is to find the highest manifestation of the love which controls the world in the mystic aspiration after union with the eternal and supercosmic beauty. Platonic describes a relationship that is purely spiritual and not physical. Its symbol would be the white rose. "[3], Diotima considers the carnal limitation of human beings to the pregnancy of the body to be a form of tragedy, as it separates someone from the pursuit of truth. [5], "Eros is ... a moment of transcendence ... in so far as the other can never be possessed without being annihilated in its status as the other, at which point both desire and transcendence would cease ... (84)[5], In the Symposium, Eros is discussed as a Greek god—more specifically, the king of the gods, with each guest of the party giving a eulogy in praise of Eros. However, these days the term “platonic relationship” is usually … Platonic love or platonic relationship means a close relationship between two people that is not romantic. Platonic love in this original sense of the term is examined in Plato's dialogue the Symposium, which has as its topic the subject of love or Eros generally. Watch this video to understand the same. It is derived from the concept in Plato's Symposium of the love of the idea of good which lies at the root of all virtue and truth. Platonic relationships generally involve a deep friendship of non-sexual nature among two heterosexual individuals who may or may not be of the opposite sex. She values the platonic friendship she has had with Chris for ten years. [4], "[...] decent human beings must be gratified, as well as those that are not as yet decent, so that they might become more decent; and the love of the decent must be preserved. Pausanias, in Plato's Symposium (181b–182a), explained two types of love or Eros—Vulgar Eros or earthly love and Divine Eros or divine love. Later in 1469, Marsilio Ficinoput forward a theory of neo-platonic love in which he defines love as a personal ability of an individual which guides their soul towards cosmic processes and lofty spiritual goals and heavenly ideas (De Amore, Les Belles Lettres, 2012). Platonic love: dasein's urge toward being. • When I talk about love affairs, I also include platonic love affairs. Platonic love got its name from the Greek philosopher Plato who in his famous Symposium wrote about the meaning of love from different viewpoints. These two extremes of love are seen by the Greeks in terms of tragedy and comedy. The term is named after the philosopher Plato, although the philosopher never used the term himself. The English term dates back to William Davenant's The Platonic Lovers (performed in 1635); a critique of the philosophy of platonic love which was popular at Charles I's court. If a guy and a girl hang out all the time but aren't boyfriend and girlfriend, they'd describe their friendship as platonic. In the following quote, the author simplifies the idea of virtue as simply what is "good". ", Miller, P. A. Opposite Of Platonic, Antonyms of Platonic, Meaning and Example Sentences Antonym opposite words contradict each other and meet opposite meanings. • Lovely platonic evenings, the odd kiss and fumble? Some modern authors' perception of the terms "virtue" and "good" as they are translated into English from the Symposium are a good indicator of this misunderstanding. A more spiritual form of the same craving for eternity is the aspiration to win immortal fame by combining with a kindred soul to give birth to sound institutions and rules of life. "Motives to Remain Platonic, Equity, and the Use of Maintenance Strategies in Opposite-Sex Friendships. This points to the fact that the title of platonic love in most cases is actually a title-holder to avoid sexual interaction between knowing and consenting friends, with mutual or singular sexual interest and/or tension existing. Platonic love (often lower-cased as platonic love)[1] is a type of love that is not sexual. ", Herrmann, F. (2013). So the expression does line up with what Plato says about love. It resonates with element water, since emotions need to flow. attraction towards beautiful form or body but transcends gradually to love for Supreme Beauty. Both expressions signify a love focused on the beauty of a person's character and intelligence rather than on their physical charms. [3], Diotima considers the idea of a mortal having direct access to Being to be a comic situation simply because of the impossibility of it. "Dynamics of vision in Plato's thought. Pregnancy of the body results in human children. It may take a lot to shake up a platonic relationship. 2. adjective [usually ADJECTIVE noun] Platonic means relating to the ideas of the Greek philosopher Plato. 2 Platonic definition is - of, relating to, or characteristic of Plato or Platonism. In this sense, it most often refers to a heterosexual relationship. [according to whom?]. [3] This definition varies considerably from the modern English interpretation of the term, where virtue equates to that which is good, positive, or benevolent. "[4] (187d, 17) - Eryximachus' "completion" of Pausanias' speech on Eros, Plato's Symposium defines two extremes in the process of platonic love; the entirely carnal and the entirely ethereal. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [3], "... virtue for the Greeks means self-sameness ... in Plato's terms, Being or idea. Vulgar Eros and Divine Eros are both connected and part of the same continuous process of pursuing totality of being itself,[4] with the purpose of mending human nature, eventually reaching a point of unity where there is no longer an aspiration to change. The offspring of true virtue would essentially lead to a mortal achieving immortality.[6]. Eventually, in time, with consequent steps up the ladder, the idea of beauty is eventually no longer connected with a body, but entirely united with Being itself. Herrmann, F. (2013). Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Platonic_love&oldid=996247071, Articles lacking in-text citations from January 2014, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2020, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from June 2019, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Messman, S. J., Hause, D. J., & Hause, K. S. (2000). If a guy and a girl hang out all the time but aren't boyfriend and girlfriend, they'd describe their friendship as platonic. Thus, in common speech, platonic love means a supremely affectionate relationship between human beings in which sexual intercourse is neither desired nor practiced. For Plato, love aims at beautiful and good things, because this brings happiness. [clarification needed][2], Platonic love is examined in Plato's dialogue, the Symposium, which has as its topic the subject of love or Eros generally. Truth and wisdom are the most dependable and beautiful and the best of all good things, and this is why Plato suggests that love is not a god but rather a philosopher. platonic definition: 1. Throughout these eras platonic love slowly was categorized into different subsections, which were: There is a type of porosity that allows love to filter through one type and into the next, causing them to seep into and pass through each other. Two Meanings of platonic One would be forever limited to beauty of the body, never being able to access the true essence of beauty. That’s why when we use the term in daily life, we talk about it as a non-romantic love you have for a friend, which obviously means it’s non-sexual, too. One of the complications of platonic love lies within the persistence of the use of the title itself "platonic love" versus the use of "friend". So, while it can certainly coexist with erotic love, it can also help both parties to it live more fulfilling lives even in the absence of romance. If she describes the relationship as being platonic, most likely that's how she really views it. The love between friends is platonic love. Platonic love can be sturdy, unwavering, and unfazed. For Diotima, and for Plato generally, the most correct use of love of human beings is to direct one's mind to love of divinity. "Platonic love: dasein's urge toward being. In this sense, it most often refers to a heterosexual relationship. It usually applies to that love which develops from an ideal or imagination, without any sexual intimacy. • And her diary reveals claims that her request for a purely platonic friendship had been loosely interpreted by Gerald. Clearly, today this is no longer completely the case. In addition to being used to refer to a feeling, 'Platonic love 'It is also used to refer to the loved and idealized person who provokes this feeling. "... what is good is beautiful, and what is beautiful is good ..."[6], The Ladder of Love is named as such because it relates each step toward Being itself as consecutive rungs of a ladder. [according to whom?] What about the fact that boys and girls can never be friends? A word has synonyms as well as antonyms. For a brief period, Platonic love was a fashionable subject at the English royal court, especially in the circle around Queen Henrietta Maria, the wife of King Charles I. Platonic love was the theme of some of the courtly masques performed in the Caroline era—though the fashion soon waned under pressures of social and political change. Socrates defines love based on separate classifications of pregnancy (to bear offspring); pregnancy of the body, pregnancy of the soul, and direct connection to Being. Rojcewicz, R. (1997). According to Science Daily, “Platonic love in its modern popular sense is an affectionate relationship into which the sexual element does not enter, … A feeling of familiarity with another. Duras and platonic love: The erotics of substitution. From the Renaissance to the end of the 19th century, the term platonic love was also used as an occasional euphemism for homosexual love, in view of the comparatively tolerant attitude to such love discernible in Plato as well as in other Greek authors. When we learn a language, when we learn a word in that language, it will be very useful for us to learn both the opposite and the synonyms of this word. This video is unavailable. "Duras and platonic love: The erotics of substitution. 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